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Sunday, September 8, 2013

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India emerging as major mobile phone market
By Devajit Mahanta
 Mobile phones have become an indispensable part for our daily life now. But in developing nations throu-ghout the world, mobile phones have had an altogether more transformative impact – helping to unlock economic opportunity by dramatically reducing transaction costs and improving access to information. The Government of India expects 500 million mobile phone users by 2010. India has registered more than 8 million new connections in the month of August alone, taking the total number in the country to more than 200 million.

From the development since the first mobile phone launch, the industries has developed rapidly and changed a lot in the short 20 years. Here are the different stages of the mobile phone: First Generation (1G)-the first generation mobile phone refers to the mobile phones that were developed in the 1980s. Second Generation (2G)-GSM, CDMA and TDMA are the different protocols that brought the mobile phone into the second generation stage. Second and a Half Generation (2.5G)- Still under the same network protocol, but provided services such as WAP (Wireless Application Protocol) and GPRS (General Packet Radio Service). Third Generation (3G) - a whole new network protocol launched in the twenty-first century. The 3G protocol enables high speed connection (speed similar to broadband connection) to access through internet and also video calls. Besides the convergence from the first generation to the third generation mobile phones, the functions featured in mobile phones are getting more sophisticated and more useful.

In rich countries, mobile phones seem to be something of a mixed blessing- particularly if you are stuck on a train next to teenager with a crazy frog ring tone. But in poor countries, mobile phones have no oblivious downside and have already delivered remarkable benefits, in terms of economic growth and personal empowerment. At its simplest, a mobile phone can allow a farmer or a fisherman to find out what that day’s prices are in various markets, so that he can take his goods to the market offering the best prices. Jadav may be a relatively poor 35-year-old man living in a Mumbai slum, but he still typifies the reason why India's mobile phone market is the world's fastest growing. He spends about 20 rupees per day on topping up the mobile phone he acquired two months ago to keep in touch with his mother in Bihar. "My uncle in the village has a phone too. So my mother doesn't have to go far to make a long-distance call," says Jadav, who earns just 200 rupees per day. That may not seem much too many people, but it still means Jadav, who goes by one name, represents the new cell phone user in India: lower-middle class, self-employed and urban. The mobile phone growth is being driven almost entirely by lower-income groups. It's not an indicator of wealth any more. The development of mobile phones has brought convenient and advantages to the world. Though, the disadvantages brought along with the fast grown technology cannot be ignored. Symptoms caused by the radiation of mobile phones are one of the most argued problems. Many scientists believe that the radiation from the mobile phones may cause different symptoms such as headache, earaches, blurring of vision and even causing cancer. Though, these problems are still under research. Psychiatrists believe that mobile phone addiction is becoming one of the biggest non-drug addictions in the 21st century. Mobile phones with camera functions are causing privacy problems. Saudi Arabia has already banned camera phones through out the country while many countries are concerned about this problem. Cyber bullying now-a-days treat as a national disasters among the teenagers which psychological effects are much more severe that face-to-face bullying. Cyber bullying is a bullying act using offensive words and behavior via online chatting, emails or SMS text messages.

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